Minas Gerais Administração e Serviços S.A (MGS) - Nível Médio (2015) Questão 17

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Treating Alzheimer’s Disease

Are scientists close to finding a cure?

The number of Americans suffering from Alzheimer's, a degenerative brain disease, is projected to more than double by 2050, from 5.3 million today to 13.8 million. At the same time, as Baby Boomers age and medical expenses rise, the cost of treating and caring for people with the disease is expected to rise fivefold to $1.1 trillion. No treatment can yet prevent or cure Alzheimer's. However, advances in brain science and diagnostic technologies are creating breakthroughs unimagined even a few years ago. Rapidly expanding knowledge in genetics, neuroscience, biology and computing is leading to clinical trials on potential new drug therapies, research on how to prevent the disease and new tests to help diagnose it — perhaps even before symptoms appear. Scientists are debating whether the main hypothesis of what causes the disease — a buildup of amyloid protein into plaques that kill nerve cells in the brain — is correct. Patient advocates say federal Alzheimer's research is underfunded, but Congress is clearing the way for more research funds.

Disponível em: <http://library.cqpress.com/cqresearcher/static.php?page=docnotfound> Acessado em 15 de outubro de 2015.

By 2050

  • A the number of Americans suffering from Alzheimer’s will have increased 100%.
  • B around 19.1 million Americans will be suffering from Alzheimer’s.
  • C there might be a few more Americans suffering from Alzheimer’s.
  • D the number of Americans suffering from Alzheimer’s will more than duplicate.
  • E there should be twice as many Americans suffering from Alzheimer’s.

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