Prefeitura Municipal de Orobó - Professor - Inglês (2019) Questão 23


CrashDetech: The app that could save your life in a car crash

    (CNN) It's the killer that, by some measures, takes more young lives each year than conflict or some forms of cancer. Every 30 seconds a person is killed in a road crash, according to figures from the Global Road Safety Partnership. That's more than 3,400 people per day and 1.25 million people per year. Perhaps even more arresting is World Health Organization (WHO) analysis which says that 90% of all road based fatalities occur in low to middle income countries, despite such nations having only half of the world's vehicles. It's a tragedy that even takes a toll on development costing some nations up to 5% of GDP, according to the International Road Assessment Programme (iRAP). The problem is so pressing that the U.N. declared the years between 2011 and 2020 as the "Decade of Action for Road Safety," with over 100 countries pledging to reduce killer car accidents. Some of the highest rates of road deaths can be found in Africa. According to the WHO's 2015 Global Status on Road safety report, Libya is at the top of the table (73 deaths per 100,000 people), followed by Thailand (36) and Malawi (35). Automatic detection
    Yet one South African company has designed a system that it believes can help cut Africa's dismal rate of road fatalities. CrashDetech is a smartphone application designed by Johannesburg- based entrepreneur Jaco Gerrits. It operates while a user is driving and detects the sudden motion and G-forces of a car crash. The app then pinpoints the location of the accident and automatically calls an emergency response center, which will dispatch the nearest medical emergency team. CrashDetechs also sends personal medical information, such as allergies and blood type, to enable doctors and paramedics to offer more effective treatment. The aim is to reduce waiting times, and in doing so, save lives. Race against time
    In South Africa, the WHO estimate that roughly 38 people are killed in road accidents each day. "It's a major global public health problem," Gerrits told CNN. "They [the WHO] have identified that how quickly you respond to a crash and how effectively obviously can make a massive difference‖. Let's say in a rural area you're involved in a crash and you're off the road. There's a good chance that nobody might even notice the crash. You can't speak for yourself, and those patients will probably never get the right kind of treatment to them in time." According to Dr Pieter Venter of the Global Road Safety partnership, mobile technology start-up's like CrashDetech have exciting potential. "A number of providers of such services have launched both here in South Africa and right around the world, and there is a growing body of anecdotal evidence which supports the position that this technology can play a key role in helping to save lives," Venter said. But Venter also states that changing attitudes to the wearing of seatbelts and highlighting the dangers of drink-driving are also important factors in reducing road fatalities in the likes of South Africa.
    One of the app's key advantages is it has grouped together 113 different private emergency medical providers in South Africa, meaning its customers have a greater chance of accessing an ambulance that's near. "You might be familiar with one specific [ambulance] number, for example ER24, [but] there's a good chance they're half an hour away. Whereas let's say Netcare 911 might be 5 minutes away," Gerrits continued "If you've got medical aid [insurance], it normally has a relationship with one of the private companies. They'll typically try and dispatch the company's resources that they have a relationship with," said Gerrits.

Adaptado de (

piece from the text: ―In South Africa, the WHO estimate that roughly 38 people are killed in road accidents each day.‖

  • A In this context, the word WHO is classified as a pronoun
  • B The word people is a preposition.
  • C The word each can be replaced by the word any without losing of meaning.
  • D The word roughly can be replaced by the word about without losing of meaning.
  • E The fragment in bold is in the active voice.